The history and importance of the bread

The history and importance of the bread

Emil Hristov

Bread has ancient roots, and is a staple of many diets throughout the world, from thriving metropolises to developing nations.

Stone Age Man was probably the first to make bread over 10,000 years ago, but not the same food we eat today. The theory is that they have been collecting wild grains, crushing them between big stones and added water to make a thick gruel. At some point, they started to heat this gruel on hot stones into dense, flat cakes. That's how we suppose the first bread was baked.


Around 4,000 years ago, the Egyptians discovered a kind of yeast to add to the dough called 'Barn,' to make bread 'leavened' or risen. The Egyptians invented a process to grind the grains into a coarse flour, but it was the Romans who developed the idea of grinding or milling the grain and then sieving it to make a fine flour.

In the Middle Ages, a large loaf of bread was used to set the table and would be used as a "plate" of sorts and saved for after the first meal.

Today's bread comes in all shapes, flavors, and forms, and is typically made from available and affordable ingredients. It is eaten every day by most people in the world. Sadly though, technological advances have allowed the bread to become mass-produced to such an extent that it has lost all of its nutrient qualities. In the past two decades, organic food has become very popular.

Why is bread so crucial for your diet?

Bread provides over 10% of the calcium in our diet. Calcium helps maintain healthy bones and teeth.
Protein can also be found in most bread. Protein is a necessary part of your diet because it contains amino acids, which are essential to maintaining muscle.
Depending on the ingredients used to make bread, the finished product can contain a range of essential vitamins and minerals.
Fresh bread should be high in fiber, low in sodium, and bursting with nutrients.


Making smart choices about which types of bread you eat can optimize your diet and sidestep the adverse side effects associated with unhealthy bread. Organic bread has, on average, 49% more whole ingredients where non-organic pieces of bread contain about 12%. Whole-wheat bread is higher in fiber, protein, and several nutrients. Sprouted bread is also lower in anti-nutrients and rich in fiber and folate, vitamin E, vitamin C, and beta-carotene. Ezekiel bread is one of the healthiest pieces of bread available.

What we can all agree is that freshly baked bread is pretty irresistible!

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